Operation REASSURANCE: Canada’s NATO mission explained

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Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on Tuesday introduced that Canada would deploy an additional 460 Canadian Armed Forces troops to Latvia as a part of Operation REASSURANCE to “reinforce” Canada’s dedication to NATO, as tensions between Russia and the West over Ukraine attain new heights.

This comes after Russian President Vladimir Putin introduced that his authorities could be recognizing the separatist-controlled areas of Japanese Ukraine as unbiased states. Russia has additionally moved its troops into these areas.

This is what it is advisable find out about Canada’s troop commitments and NATO contributions.

WHAT IS OPERATION REASSURANCE?

Operation REASSURANCE refers to Canada’s NATO commitments in Central and Japanese Europe, sustaining a navy presence within the area to assist with coaching and workout routines in addition to performing as a deterrent towards threats.

Within the skies, Canada conducts air policing missions with its CF-18 Hornet fighter jets, in addition to surveillance and coaching. At sea, Canadian frigates carry out routine patrols within the Mediterranean and Black Seas.

The primary air, land and maritime job forces had been despatched to the area as part of the operation in 2014, in response to the Russian annexation of the Crimean Peninsula.

In 2016, NATO members agreed to develop their navy presence on this area and set up 4 multinational battlegroups primarily based in Estonia, Lithuania, Poland and Latvia. The battlegroups are every led by the U.Okay., Germany, the U.S. and Canada, respectively.

HOW MANY TROOPS HAVE BEEN DEPLOYED ALREADY?

The Division of Defence says at any time, there could be as much as 915 Canadian troops deployed for Operation REASSURANCE.

In 2017, 540 members of the Canadian Armed Forces had been deployed to a base close to Riga, Latvia to determine the multinational battlegroup. The Latvian deployment is the biggest deployment of Canadian troops in Europe and was renewed in 2018 for an additional 4 years to March 2023.

The scale of the Canadian-led battlegroup is round 1,400 troops and contains troopers from Spain, Poland, Italy, Slovakia, Czechia, Slovenia, Albania and Montenegro.

At sea, roughly 240 troopers aboard the HMCS Montreal have been working within the NATO Maritime Command for the reason that ship departed Halifax final January. Previous to that, the HMCS Fredericton was deployed between July and December 2021. Eight completely different ships over 15 deployments have contributed to the operation.

As a part of the operation’s Air Activity Drive, 140 Canadian air personnel together with six CF-18 jets had been deployed for NATO air policing missions in Romania between September and December 2021.

HOW MANY TROOPS WILL CANADA DEPLOY IN THE FUTURE?

For the deployment of 460 troops that was introduced on Tuesday, Defence Minister Anita Anand instructed reporters that an artillery battery of “about 120 individuals” would be the first to deploy to Latvia. These troopers will probably be drawn from bases throughout Canada and are set to deploy in 30 days for about six weeks.

The HMCS Halifax, which has a crew capability of roughly 250 individuals, may also be heading to Europe as part of the operation “in the direction of the final a part of March,” Anand mentioned.

Lastly, Canada can also be sending a CP-140 Aurora plane, used for anti-submarine maritime patrols and surveillance.



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